Baku, Azerbaijan, Nov. 12
By Dalga Khatinoglu, Anakhanum Khidayatova – Trend:
Sanctions on Iran can be brought back even after they are lifted, Steve Fagin, Director of the Iran Office at the US Department of State, has told Trend.
The Islamic Republic and the P5+1, which includes the US, UK, France, Russia, China and Germany, reached a long-awaited comprehensive deal called the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) on July 14.
The European Union approved a legal framework for lifting the sanctions based on the JCPOA on Oct. 18, which has been dubbed the Adoption Day.
At the same time, the US president issued an order for lifting the sanctions on the day of implementing the nuclear agreement.
Fagin speaking to Trend Nov. 12 in an exclusive interview, recalled that the deal was reached on July 14, and the UN Security Council endorsed the deal through resolution 2231 on July 21, and that created a timeline of 90 days, during which Iran has met certain commitments.
“Afterwards, the US and the EU announced a package of sanctions relief that will commence once Iran takes all the needed steps required under the deal and IAEA verifies that the Islamic Republic has done so,” he noted.
He said the matter rests in relief of nuclear-related sanctions only, adding that “other sanctions by the US with regard to Iran's support for terrorism, destabilizing activities in the Middle East, its human rights abuses, etc. will remain.”
“Our focus right now is the date of implementation of the nuclear deal, but this depends on Iran. Iran must take the needed steps under the deal. They [Iranians] are saying publicly that in fact they are doing so, and we are watching them and waiting what they will do next,” he said.
“I’d like to add that the nuclear deal itself created a joint commission, which is discussing the implementation of the deal to make sure that everybody understands its objectives and that all the parties are involved in this commission,” noted Fagin.
Asked what will happen if Iran doesn’t fulfil its commitments, or if the P5+1 is not satisfied with how Iran sticks to its commitments, Fagin said “under the terms of the deal again we have a mechanism to discuss this agreement, but ultimately if there are major violations of the deal, we on our own have the ability to snap back the sanctions that were lifted by the resolution of the UN Security Council.”
“There is a very specific mechanism for bringing back the multilateral sanctions, which involves a vote at the UN Security Council on not continuing the sanctions relief,” added Fagin.
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