Tarix: 29 Dekabr 2016 17:34
2016 was the year of artificial intelligence. Progress in the area of self-management systems, voice recognition and deep learning has enabled computers to make a series of major breakthroughs that were previously impossible. Here are six of the most important of them.
1. AlphaGo defeated the world champion in the game of Go
This is considered the most complicated game ever invented. It offers an incredible number of possible actions, and in many ways, according to the players themselves, relies on human intuition. Artificial intelligence AlphaGo taught myself the game by playing millions of parties with their copies and in March of this year managed to defeat the champion Lee Sedalia in four games out of five.
2. Tesla self-driving car was taken to hospital of a person with a heart attack
Unmanned are the subject of hot debate worldwide. However, Tesla CEO Elon Musk stresses that cars with autopilot system safer than cars without it, regardless of the point of view of the public. Report of the National security Council, the United States indicates that in 2015 the number of traffic fatalities was 1.3 cases for every 100 million miles travelled by conventional vehicles, while the indicators of Tesla – 130 million miles and only one was an accident. At the same time on account of the autopilot of the company at least one life saved, the car delivered his master Joshua Nellie to the hospital when in the road he suffered a sudden heart attack.
3. Swarm intelligence predicted the results of the Kentucky Derby
In May, artificial intelligence UNU was able to successfully predict the four winners of the prestigious equestrian competition, and, strictly in the order of their finish. This failed to make any official expert on these competitions – so the computer won with a bet of 540 to 1. UNU was developed by company A. I. Unanimous, led by a specialist in human computer interaction Luis Rosenberg.
4. Microsoft AI today understands human speech better than the people themselves
In October of this year, Microsoft has demonstrated that AI for the first time caught up with the man in the efficiency of automatic speech recognition. To achieve this result, the system the company used the so-called high-precision and recurrent neural networks. To prepare for the test she needed 2000 hours of recorded data.
5. AI predicted the results of presidential elections in the United States
The results of the election came as a surprise to many, including insiders of the political system. However, the Indian startup MogIA in Mumbai confidently predicted victory trump. AI companies analyzed 20 million social media and was able to determine the real sympathies of voters. Although many experts are reluctant to give the victory MogIA too much importance to the objective — this intelligence was able to accurately predict an event that came as a surprise to billions of people.
6. Artificial intelligence has revolutionized the diagnosis of cancer
Health care is one of the areas in which the successes of AI have the greatest practical value. In particular, the supercomputer of IBM Watson already able to see deviations in the health of the individual, which elude the attention of experienced diagnosticians. Statistically, about 30 % of cases Watson puts patients with additional diagnosis missed by medical people.
Even more impressive results achieved AI the Houston Methodist research Institute in Texas. Artificial intelligence explores the millions of mammograms (the speed of analysis is 30 times more than human) and gives oncosolutions with 99% accuracy.